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Influence of the Invaders of Great Britain on the formation of English Vocabulary

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Influence of the Invaders of Great Britain on the formation of English Vocabulary

 

Секция: английский язык

Байсакалов Надир

Технический лицей № 165, 9 класс

Научный руководитель: Долгирева Татьяна Владимировна

 


 

Goals and Objectives

  • to investigate the ways of formation of the vocabulary of English language;
  • to trace the influence of the languages and culture of the invaders on English language;
  •  to find out what are the roots of English to became as a unique and international languages and its influence on the different peoples communication

The choice of the theme was conditioned by some reasons:

  • the investigation of the theme presupposes involving of а wide range of knowledge including history, sociology, general linguistics and comparative philology;
  • the results can be helpful in learning English and English-speaking countries studies;
  • the chosen theme gives an opportunity to get acquainted with interesting and little known facts from literature and to choose and analyze as many vocabulary units as we like.

The importance of our theme may be proved by the fact that the more we know about the national peculiarities of the English-speaking countries the easier it will be for us to learn the language and to communicate with English-speaking people while solving international problems and building international relationships which are developing while the Republic of Kazakhstan gets its position in the world.

On the first stage of my investigation I gathered and studied materials on the history of the formation of Great Britain as a country. I paid special attention to the invaders who came to the island. I decided that it will be useful to speak about several definite periods in English history. These periods were:

·        the period of the Iberian tribes, non-Indo-European people who lived on what we call now British Isles before the 6 or 7th centuries B.C.

·         the period of Celts, Indo-European people who invaded Britain from the 6th to 3rd  centuries B.C.

·        Roman invasion 55 B.C. – 407 A.D.

·        Anglo-Saxon invasion 449 and the following period up to 9th century

·        Scandinavian Invasion 9th -11th centuries

·        Norman Invasion 1066 and the following 5 centuries

·        English Renaissance   16th-17th  centuries

·        Colonial expansion 18th -19th centuries

·        Contemporary period

On the second stage of my investigation I made up a list of 350 most widely used words, mainly nouns, and tried to find out their origin using different sources. The most helpful of was Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Language. I made word charts and analyzed them. The results showed that each historical period brought to the life new phenomena and new types of human activities which made vocabulary richer and richer adding to the language more and more new lexical units. These new words were borrowed from the languages of the invaders of the corresponding periods. As a result I came to the conclusion that only the simplest  notions such as members of family, simple food, natural phenomena, native animals are called by the words of old English  language. The invaders who brought new things from their own countries and culture brought the words to name them. And these words became “English”.

So, first, English was produced from the mixture and composition of different languages, second, English is an outstanding language, because it has always been a very flexible language and it has been able to assume every new event from the other languages such as Latin, Greece French, German and other languages.

И. П. Иванова; Л. П. Чахоян; «История английского языка», Москва, «Высшая школа», 1976 г. (§ 1 – 35).

Б. А. Ильиш; «История английского языка», издание пятое, исправленное и дополненное, Москва, «Высшая школа», 1968 г.

 

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